The Olympic games in the antiquity, begin to even not be developed in the Sacred Valley of Olimpia in times well-known. He/she has for object to surrender cult with their celebration, to Zeus, the Great national God, father of gods and men and at the beginning the only test in them disputed it was a simple competition of careers.
In the year 776 A.D.C. one has knowledge of the first Games, in which the first Champion Olympic official was the corridor Corebos that winner was proclaimed in the test of the Career of the Stadium (192, 27 meters), only test then programmed.
Starting from that moment, among other events, a new chronological calendar arises that is to say in Greece that begins to measure the time for OLYMPIADS, periods of four year-old time that begin and they put an end to the celebration of the successive Games.
So that the Olympic Games were given in peace, in advance to their inauguration, it was proclaimed the SACRED TRUCE OR EKECHEIRA, pact international undersigned in the year 884 A.D.C. for the Reyes of Esparta, Pisa and Elide for which all warlike activity was suspended.
The program of these Games conformed it the jumps, launchings, fights, careers and horsy competitions.
The athletes of the antiquity practiced the different disciplines, nudes and barefoot, the women were excluded completely of these games, low death penalty.
The prize of the winners was an olive tree crown, of equal it forms, these gave its victorious crowns to Zeus in its temple, depositing them to the feet of the Statue of its god.
The foundation of the International Olympic Committee is given June 23 1894 in the University of the Sorbona of Paris, after voting the seventy nine vicarial representatives of forty nine sport organizations belonging to fourteen countries unanimously.
The Baron Pierre of Coubertin, call the "Father of the Olímpismo", he/she is the soul motorboat, ideological, executioner and planner of the great Modern Olympic adventure, to which was closely linked and that it took personally from their beginnings, carrying out the presidency of the COI among 1896 at 1985. Its general understanding on the Olympic Games, is that these, before anything, was the celebration of the human unit.
This formed by five crisscross rings of blue, yellow, black, green and red color that represent the five continents united by the sport. This was devised by Pierre of Coubertin in 1913.
It constitutes it the pedagogic maxim CITIUS, ALTIUS, FORTIUS ", devised by the French dominic Henri Didon whose meaning is: "More Quick, Higher and Stronger.
Lit every four years in Olimpia, it symbolizes the evocation of the Olympic Spirit of the antiquity. The Fire once ignition is taken by relief of corridors to the Olympic Stadium of the organizing city of the Games. Their creator was the German professor Carl Diem.
It is interpreted during the inaugural day of the Games, accompanied the entrance of the Olympic flag in the Stadium. This based on the Greek poet's poem Costis Palamas, and it was put in music by Spirou Samara in 1896.
Immortal spirit of the antiquity,
Father of the true thing, the beautiful thing and the good thing.
It descends, present you, detail us your light on
This earth and under this sky.
That it was the first witness of your immortal fame.
Give life and vivacity to those noble games
Hurtle, garlands of flowers that don't turn pale,
To the victorious ones in the career and in the war!
Believe, in our chests, steel hearts!
In your Slight plains, mountains and seas
They shine in a rosy shade and they form an enormous temple
In the one that all the nations meet to adore you,
Oh immortal spirit of the antiquity!
It is white without fringe and it takes in the center the symbol of the five hoops. The bottom target and the colors of the hoops conjugate and they symbolize the colors of all the flags of the world. Created by Pierre of Coubertine in 1913 and made in the trade of the Bon it Goes.